Did you know that people over the age of 45 are likely to develop diabetes if they are not armed with adequate information and take practical steps towards prevention?
Diabetes is a very common disease that occurs when blood glucose (also known as blood Sugar) level becomes too high that is above normal which is About 3.5-8mmol/L (63-144mg/100mL)
Glucose is sourced from the Food we take in and is our primary Source of Energy. Once glucose is released from food, a very important hormone known as insulin which is produced by the beta cells of the pancreas transports the glucose into the body cells.
These glucose that is transported into the cells are either used up by the body or stored as fat tissues. It all depends on one’s level of activity.
Diabetes rises from the inability of the pancreas to produce insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or the inability of the body to use properly the insulin produced( Type 2 diabetes)
Sometimes, pancreatic beta cells are destroyed by the body’s own cell (auto immune) making them unable to produce insulin. This in turn leads to the build up of glucose or sugar in the blood which might results in diabetes.
Aside type 1 and 2 diabetes, there is also gestational diabetes developed by some pregnant women and caused by insulin blocking hormones produced by the placenta during pregnancy, Monogenic diabetes which is inherited and Cystic fibrosis related diabetes.
DISEASES THAT CAN RESULT FROM DIABETES
Diabetic conditions if not properly managed May lead to the following disease conditions.
Damage to the nerve
Also, Elevated blood sugar levels makes it hard for wounds to heal. Therefore a major symptom of diabetes is difficulty in wound healing.
There are certain factors that increases the chance of diabetes. They are :
LIFESTYLE : Having excess weight or being overweight increases risk of diabetes. We do know that among other factors inappropriate nutrition and exercise is a major cause of obesity and it leads to high blood pressure, high cholesterol or high triglyceride levels. Being obese makes the body cells more resistant to insulin action.
Some Families have genes that make them more prone to Obesity making it easier to develop type 2 diabetes.
In cases where the body does not produce insulin at all, then the patient has to keep taking doses of insulin everyday as prescribed by a physician.
However, Type 2 diabetes can be managed through Lifestyle Modification. But, in chronic cases where just lifestyle modification can’t lower sugar levels, Medical treatment should be sought after.
Most times appropriate nutrition and exercise works wonders in maintaining health of diabetic patients and total prevention of the disease.
Because Blood glucose is released from the foods we eat, blood sugar level is greatly influenced by the quality and quantity of food we take in.
So the need for eating the right kinds of foods can’t be overemphasized. It keeps you fit and far from excessive weight. Here are some Tips to help you
Avoid foods that are high in carbohydrates e. g starchy foods and Sugary foods e. g White bread,white rice, Sugary drinks etc
Focus more on fruits and vegetables as they are rich in fibre, antioxidants and vitamins and they contain less sugar.
Choose healthy fat Sources e. g nuts and olive oil.
Cut down on red meat and focus on lean meat e.g Fish and Chicken.
Get help from a dietitian to help you with a meal plan that strikes a balance between carbohydrates, protein and fats.
Diet plans that contains fat, protein and carbs in their adequate proportion will go a long way in managing diabetes.
There’s also a need to carefully monitor carbs intake and blood sugar levels frequently. Cheers to your continued health and vitality.